Job safety analysis(JSA) also referred to as job hazard analysis is the process that involves analyzing a given job in order to identify the risks involved and establish how to control them. There are always various dangers posed to every step of any job and this is what job safety analysis aims at establishing in order to recommend suitable measures. There are greater problems that may arise due to unidentified hazards in the workplace and therefore identifying them is very important as it helps you think of measures to avoid these problems.
When writing a job safety analysis there are various steps that should be followed. The steps involved in the job should first be identified. This helps you to clearly understand what the job is all about. In order to make the job hazard analysis easy to understand, one should avoid making the steps too detailed. The second step involves identifying the dangers that every step of the job may be posed to. In this step think of how every way that things could go wrong.
Possible causes of these dangers would be the materials being used, the environment or the people working. There are other factors that may help you establish potential hazards as well. Legislation requirements, equipment instructions from the manufacturer and how past injuries were caused are among other factors that one can consider so as to establish these hazards. Determining the controls for each hazard identified is the third step to follow. The essence of the control is to explain how the hazard will be dealt with or how to make sure the risk is minimized.
From the three steps, it is possible to develop a good job safety analysis. The fourth step involves sharing your analysis with your workers. Let your workers understand every detail in the job safety analysis and review it with them. This helps to educate the workers about what is expected of them. In this process the workers can also feel free to raise their concerns. For effectiveness of the JSA, it is important for this step to be followed.
Changes may be made to the JSA due to changes in the working conditions around the workplace and this should be discussed with the workers as well.
It is only a competent person who should conduct the analysis for you. Competent analysts have a deep knowledge about different types of hazards and what measures to put in place to avoid them. In order to avoid unnecessary costs that may be caused by damages caused by these hazards, it is important to always have a good JSA. A JSA will also help guarantee your workers that they are safe and they will therefore work comfortably and increase the general output of the organization.
Every organization should therefore follow these steps in order to conduct an effective JSA.